Happy Mexican Independence Day is a day to celebrate the independence of Mexico from Spain. On September 16th, 1810, Mexican forces led by General Miguel Hidalgo defeated the Spanish in the Battle of Tenochtitlan, effectively ending Spanish rule in what is now Mexico. The date is also celebrated in various other countries across Latin America, including Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. In Mexico, there are many events and festivities in honor of the day.
HISTORY OF MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE DAY
Mexico, formerly known as New Spain, was a colony that the Spanish kingdom brutally governed for more than 300 years. Only Spaniards were permitted to occupy political positions, and the native population was subjected to oppression. Farmland and private property were also seized. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest in the village of Dolores, has had enough.
In a speech now known as the Grito de Dolores (Cry of Dolores), he demanded the end of Spanish authority on September 16, 1810, by ringing the bell of his church. The violent Mexican War of Independence, which lasted for more than ten years, was thus launched. Spain departed and formally recognized Mexico’s independence on August 24, 1821. As the father of Mexican independence, Father Costilla is regarded today. Since that historic day on September 16, 1810, Mexican Independence Day is observed annually.
Over the past 200+ years, Mexican Independence Day has grown into a significant national holiday. The leaders of the nation were influenced by our own July 4 Independence Day celebrations, thus nighttime fireworks light up the sky and daytime events include parades, live music, patriotic speeches, and home-cooked feasts. The Mexican flag’s three colors—red, white, and green—are prominently displayed throughout Mexico and even in American communities with sizable Mexican populations.
When the president of Mexico rings the 200-year-old bell Father Costilla used in 1810 and recites the Grito de Dolores address in front of 500,000 people, it is one of the most well-known celebrations associated with Mexican Independence Day. On the evening of September 15, millions of Mexicans tune in to television and radio stations to see this event live.
Happy Mexican Independence Day celebrates the beginning of Mexico’s fight for sovereignty.
The celebration’s central custom is to pay homage to “El Grito de Dolores.” The legendary war cry by Miguel Hidalgo from September 1810, also referred to as “El Grito,” signaled the start of the War for Independence. Many others were inspired to follow Hidalgo and start the war for independence in earnest when he famously adopted the flag of the Virgin of Guadalupe, Mexico’s patron saint. Hidalgo lived in the city of Dolores.
“The speech known as “The Cry of Dolores,” which was given to those struggling for independence, is one event that is extremely significant when discussing Mexican Independence Day. Mexicans act out this yell during their Independence Day celebrations “Says Aguirre.
Despite the failure of Hidalgo’s attempt at a revolution, José Mara Morelos, another priest, was inspired by it to organize a more organized fighting force with the same goals.
l. In February 1821, the freedom warriors captured Mexico City and proclaimed national independence with the assistance of Agustin de Iturbide, a Mexican military commander who had defected to Spain.
Three fundamental principles of a sovereign Mexico were created by Iturbide’s Plan de Iguala: independence from Spain, equality for Spaniards and Creoles within the nation, and a ban on all other religions than Roman Catholicism. On August 24, 1821, Spanish Viceroy Juan de O’Donoj signed the Cordoba Treaty, legally endorsing a proposal for a sovereign monarchy in Mexico.
The holiday’s traditions include fireworks and folk dancing.
Large-scale street celebrations, parades, fireworks, rodeos, brass bands, mariachi concerts, and traditional folk dance in the streets (Bailes folclóricos) are all part of Mexico’s celebration of its independence. A military procession travels to the Hidalgo Memorial in Mexico City.
The Mexican president performs “El Grito” in front of a massive crowd on the evening of September 15 from the balcony of the National Palace. A bell is rung by the president as a tribute to Hidalgo after each line is greeted with a hearty “Viva!” by the audience.
Politicians from the area occasionally do their own version of “El Grito.”
Happy Mexican Independence Day Day Celebration
Mexicans celebrate their independence with a parade, fireworks, patriotic speeches, flag-waving, live music, and home-cooked feasts. The 200-year-old bell Father Costilla used in 1810 is rung by the Mexican president, who also reads the Grito de Delores address in front of 500,000 spectators, making this one of the most well-known and historically significant ceremonies associated with Mexican Independence Day. The evening of September 15 sees millions of people watching and listening to this event live on Mexican TV and radio.
To commemorate this joyous event, confetti is thrown and whistles and horns are blown. On this day, people may be heard shouting “Viva Mexico” or “Viva la Independencia” among the masses. Huge street celebrations, parades, fireworks displays, rodeos, brass bands, and traditional folk dancing are just a few of the ways Mexicans mark their independence.
Wherever the festival is observed, the green, white, and red colors of the Mexican flag can be seen everywhere, and delectable traditional meals and beverages are savored with friends and family while chanting “Viva México” or “Viva la Independencia.”
With a population of 36 million individuals from Mexico, the U.S. is the largest nation outside of Mexico that observes the event.
American Independence Day is well known to everyone, but what about Mexican Independence Day? Contrary to popular belief, Mexico’s version of our Fourth of July is not Cinco de Mayo. Every year on September 16, our neighbors to the south of the border commemorate their independence from Spain.
How do people celebrate Happy Mexican Independence Day?
On September 15th, many Mexican families and friends ring in the holiday at midnight, much like New Year’s Eve. Pozole, pancita, enchiladas, and other traditional foods are prepared and served. Surveys indicated that tequila is the drink of choice by 72 percent of Mexico Independence Day celebrations!
Mexican flags hang throughout public and private spaces, and many people may choose to dress in traditional clothing and play traditional music.
In Mexico, a large independence day celebration is held on the zócalo, Mexico City’s central plaza, on the evening of September 15th. Throughout the evening, fireworks and musical performances are held, and around 11 o’clock at night, the President of the Republic and his family recite the national anthem updated version of the Grito. Not only is the original cry of Hidalgo recreated, but illustrious people from post-independent Mexico who have made significant contributions are celebrated. The great ends with shouts of “Viva México!” or “Long live Mexico!”
Celebrating Happy Mexican Independence Day is a great way to show your patriotism and appreciation for all the hard work and sacrifices that have been made by the people of Mexico throughout the years. Here are some ideas for getting into the festive spirit:
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